southern irish protestants

It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined assumptions grounded in the collective memory of the past. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. 55 (4): 1161โ€“1184. It analyses the ways in which the irruption into everyday communication of this emotional legacy reproduce difference, and examines Protestant perceptions that Catholics see them as incapable of possessing an authentic national identity. https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922, Eighteenth-Century Politics: 1690 to 1714—Revolution Settlement, Religious Politics: Northern Ireland and England, Politics: 1800 to 1921—Challenges to the Union. Protestants places far more emphasis on economic factors, mixed marriages and the impact of British military withdrawal. Select the purchase 1999. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? The Irish Free State was born in a period of great political and community turbulence, but when it had been legally constituted in 1922, Archbishop Gregg of Dublin urged his church to obey the laws of the new state and to work for its peace and prosperity. Social legislation, particularly in the areas of divorce, family planning, and censorship of publications, reflected Vatican teaching, and claims by unionist leaders in Northern Ireland that they had a Protestant parliament for a Protestant people were matched by public statements by some southern politicians equating Irish Catholics with the Irish people. 20.00 ISBN: 978-1-84588-880-0 Robin Bury, a member of the Church of Ireland, who grew up in East County Cork in the 1950s and 60s, has examined the long and troublesome experience of the Protestants in what he calls โ€˜Southern Irelandโ€™.โ€ฆ I think this is much less true with younger people. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Some Protestants with a conspicuous unionist record, or closely identified with the British armed services and other agencies of the Crown, suffered violence to their persons and property, and many felt themselves to be in a vulnerable position as members of the former landed ascendancy class. Although the Reformation began in Germany after Martin Luther nailed his famous theses to the door of the church in Wittenberg in 1517, the second major reformer Jean Calvin (usually referred to as John in English) was from northern France. It is almost impossible to tell instantly. The Rossnowlagh Parade represents the most important event in the calendar of Southern Unionism and has, with the notable exception of a gap in the 1970s, taken place annually on the Saturday before the 12 th of July with little fuss for more than a hundred years. Vatican II, which created unease in some conservative circles north and south, was a major catalyst in the emergence of a society in which Protestants have felt increasingly comfortable. Many of those who could do so emigrated to Britain or migrated to Northern Ireland, thus accelerating the decline in the Protestant population that had affected in particular the western and southern counties long before partition. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. BIBLIOGRAPHY Consequently the Protestant community endeavored to provide separate educational and recreational opportunities for its youth that would minimize social contact with Catholics; this policy, when seen in the context of a popular view that Protestants belonged to an ascendancy class, caused them sometimes to be regarded as aloof and disdainful of the Catholic community, which indeed some of them were. Reprint, 2001. (October 18, 2020). Lee, J. J. Ireland, 1912–1985: Politics and Society. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Buried Lives: the Protestants of Southern Ireland Robin Bury, The History Press Ireland, Dublin 2019. Oral History Heather Humphreys has called for the story of southern Protestants - especially those along the border - to be examined more extensively than in the past. Itโ€™s quite sad but for some, working out oneโ€™s religion is something of a preoccupation. Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. The Irish Times and the southern Irish minority Ian dโ€™Alton House of Commons, โ€“ (CD. In Religion and Politics in Ireland at the Turn of the Millennium, edited by J. P. Mackey and Enda McDonagh. All Rights Reserved. Bowen, Kurt. "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 Minefield: Southern Loyalists, the Irish Grants Committee and the British Govern ment, 1922-31', Irish Hist. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Protestants claimed to have played some part in achieving these changes, not least through the opening up of political and social discourse by such erstwhile Protestant and unionist fastnesses as Trinity College, Dublin, and the Irish Times. Lyons, F. S. L. Culture and Anarchy in Ireland, 1890–1939. . Even within the fortress of Trinity College, the sense of an โ€œaโ€ฆ Protestants retained control of the commanding heights of the southern Irish economy, in banking, insurance, manufacturing, retail and the building trade. Tag Archives: irish protestants. Protestants could therefore have confidence in their Irish credentials. "The Protestant Minority in Southern Ireland". 1967. 1, DISCRIMINATION (SPRING 2011), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Northern Ireland, division of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (2011 pop. The unique status given to Irish in the educational system was uncongenial to many—if not most—Protestants, who felt little sympathy with the compulsion used to restore the language. This item is part of JSTOR collection 3 In southern Ireland, it is the Protestant population that is most closely associated with loyalism, that is a preference for the maintenance of British rule in Ireland, but this relationship is complex, as will be seen below. The Oral History Society promotes the collection, preservation and use of recorded memories of the past. The Huguenots were French Protestants or, to be more precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians. The joint editors welcome contributions from a wide range of disciplines and practices, for example, women's studies, sociology, cultural studies, anthropology, politics, social policy, social administration, museum studies, archive work, health studies, education, library and information services, community publishing, folklore, media studies, photography, broadcasting, nursing, social work, psychology, psychiatry, and in fact any area where the significance of orality, personal testimony and remembering is understood and valued. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 We welcome a variety of approaches from people from different countries and from different backgrounds. St Patrickโ€™s Cathedral, Dublin: faced with a new and unfamiliar political dispensation in 1922, southern Protestants had to juggle with a potentially disastrous disconnect. Studies, xxx (1997). © 2011 Oral History Society This is largely because no one thought too much about taking it from them. . "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 by Professor Arthur Noble. 1983. Had that happened โ€ฆ Rather, they remained an element in Irish life whose Irish identity is unequivocal and who did not share the uneasy feeling of ill-gotten historical privilege delineated in Bowenโ€™s autobiographical writings. It outlines the background and identifies modes of speech indicating unexamined Protestants in a Catholic State: Ireland's Privileged Minority. Crisis and Decline: The Fate of the Southern Unionists. "The Protestant Churches in Independent Ireland." southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. In The Years of the Great Test, 1926–36, edited by Francis MacManus. Protestants in the Free State and Republic did not occupy the ghostly position of โ€œformer peopleโ€, in the poignant phrase applied to ci-devant Russian aristocrats after 1917. It shows how the process results in Protestant exclusion from the imagined nation and the category of 'Irishness'. โ€˜Protestantsโ€™ are defined as members of the Church of Ireland, Methodists, Presbyterians and some minor Christian denominations โ€“ Ireland, Census of Ireland , vol. Oral History aims to contribute to developments in the theory and practice of oral history. "Brave New World." ." Their influence, status and numbers had all but disappeared by the end of the civil war in 1923 and they were to โ€ฆ Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps, Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922, Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Yeats. Social protest is collective action that uses unconventional means to press claims on institutional authorities to alter conditi…, Hume, John On Friday 8th April, Dr Andy Bielenberg of University College Cork will be delivering a paper at the Maynooth University History Forum entitled The emigration of southern Irish Protestants during the War of Independence and the Civil War.The talk will begin at 8pm.. 1989. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Southern Irish Protestants: an example of deโ€ethnicisation? 2003. I am technically a Northern Protestant. View Academics in Southern Irish Protestants on Academia.edu. . Eventually Protestants constituted less than 5 percent of the population. doi:10.1017/S0018246X12000441., reviews recsent scholarship Orangemen •Alabaman, Amman, Ammon, Drammen, gammon, Mammon, salmon •Bradman, Caedmon, madman, madmen •flagman, flagmen •trackman, trackmen…, Protestant Ascendancy: Decline, 1800 to 1930, Protestant Culture in the Seventeenth Century, Protestant Reformation in the Early Sixteenth Century, Protestant Renewal: The Emergence of American Unitarianism, Protesters at Site of New Terminal 5, Heathrow, Protesters Smash the Window of a McDonald's. Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. The early twentieth century saw the transformation of the southern Irish Protestants from a once strong people into an isolated, pacified community. This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and communicated. I would not deliberately seek out a Southern Protestant as if there was some connection or imperative to do so. Paul Cullen (1803-1878) was the first Irish cardinal, who fundamentally shaped modern Irish Catholicism by bringing its churc…, Protest West Cork Protestants are geographically peripheral to the Southern Protestant population as a whole, and have a weaker socio-economic profile. Historical Journal. McDowell, R. B. Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922. ." Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. 39, No. The late twentieth century saw radical changes in both Protestant attitudes and attitudes toward Protestants. The withdrawal from Ireland of military personnel, many of whom had been Protestant, together with casualties in World War I, contributed to the demographic decline. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Encyclopedia.com. . In recently published research Dublinโ€™s Central Statistics Office pointed out that southern Irish Protestants live longer than Catholic counterparts. Coakley has compared them to the Swedish Finns in Finland and the Baltic Germans in Estonia and Latvia. option. โ€ข Biagini, Eugenio F (2012). One view of Southern Irish Protestants is that in the decades after independence they transformed themselves (or were transformed) from British nationals to Irish nationals or, alternatively, from a British ethnic to an Irish religious minority. Dr dโ€™Altonโ€™s contention is that by 1921, the 'real' Irish revolution had already taken place (starting with Irish Church disestablishment, local government reform, land transfer and so on), and that consequently southern Irish Protestants had already had to adjust to a minority and subsidiary status. Milne, Kenneth. This sense of confidence was enhanced by a secure position in Irish intellectual, professional, and commercial life, and by an awareness that despite evidence that there was a confessional character to much public policy, particularly in the first half of the twentieth century, their contribution to Irish life was valued. ), cxvi โ€“ . Protestants made up 10% of the population of the Irish Free State when it gained independence in 1922. Akenson, Donald H. A Mirror to Kathleen's Face: Education in Independent Ireland, 1922–1060. This article looks at how the Protestants of West Cork came to terms with Irish independence, and how they have responded to the major social and political changes of the past decades. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. After the establishment of the Irish Free State in 1922, the Protestant population declined sharply, reasons for which included: In To-morrow's Church, edited by Stephen R. White. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). 18 Oct. 2020 . Encyclopedia.com. It welcomes contributions, whether long or short articles, news items, reviews or reports of meetings, conferences or new projects. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The view that to be truly Irish one also must be Catholic was impossible to sustain in the case of President Douglas Hyde, son of a Church of Ireland rector and a cofounder of the Gaelic League, which was dedicated to the revival of the Irish language. RUANE, JOSEPH; BUTLER, DAVID 2007-10-01 00:00:00 The study of minorities forms a very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism. Wilson contrasts them with the German minority in Prussian Poland between 1918 and 1923. Some useful parallels have been drawn in this period between the southern Irish Protestants and minorities in other parts of Europe. 1979. SEE ALSO Church of Ireland: Since 1690; Ecumenism and Interchurch Relations; Eucharistic Congress; Gaelic Catholic State, Making of; Jewish Community; Protestant Ascendancy: Decline, 1800 to 1930; Politics: Independent Ireland since 1922; Religion: Since 1690. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. ." Retrieved October 18, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922. To access this article, please, Vol. While physical violence against Protestants was not endemic, many felt pain in adjusting to the new regime in which their cultural heritage was to be relegated to second place in favor of a Gaelic Ireland, and society regulated according to Vatican precepts. Milne, Kenneth. 1,810,863), 5,462 sq mi (14,147 sq km), NE Ireland.…, The Anglican church in Ireland, in communion with the Church of England, claims succession from the Roman Catholic Church established in Ireland in t…, Paul Cullen Southern Irish Protestants: an example of de-ethnicisation? Southern Irish Protestants, while law-abiding citizens of the new state, found much that was alien to them in the early decades of independence. 1975. However, the date of retrieval is often important. The only Southern Protestant of any note I am aware of is Graham Norton the TV presenter. Lyons, F. S. L. "The Minority Problem in the 26 Countries." https://www.encyclopedia.com/international/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/protestant-community-southern-ireland-1922, "Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922 Check out using a credit card or bank account with. The Irish were not the original inhabitants of Northern Ireland, St Patrick was not Irish, the original Irish Christianity was not Roman Catholic and the biggest ethnic cleansing in Ireland was that of Protestants from Southern Ireland. Their influence, status and numbers had all but disappeared by the end of the civil war in 1923 and they were to form a quiescent minority up to modern times. Fast forward to the 2011 census and the figure was a little under half that at 4.27%. Southern Irish Protestants and /lrishness/ by Heather K. Crawford Abstract: This paper demonstrates how, in a southern Irish setting, differences based on the historic struggles between Protestantism and Catholicism are perpetuated and commu nicated. However, Protestants did not readily surrender their claim to Irish identity, conscious that the leaders of Irish political and cultural nationalism included Protestant names such as Theobold Wolfe Tone, Thomas Russell, Robert Emmet, the Sheares brothers, Napper Tandy, Lord Edward Fitzgerald, Charles Stewart Parnell, Lady Gregory, J. M. Synge, Sean O'Casey, and W.B. 1997. Northern Irish statesman The "mixed marriage" regulations of the Roman Catholic Church, whereby the partners promised that all children of the marriage would be brought up in the Catholic tradition, also had an impact. An increasingly independent broadcasting environment played its part: television audiences were thrilled by public discussion of issues, moral and theological, previously regarded as the exclusive preserve of the ecclesiastical authorities, while both television and radio conveyed the excitement of Vatican II to the people of the Republic (as the Free State had become in 1949) at a time of greatly improved economic development and enhanced educational opportunity. John Hume became a social activist and political leader in his native Northern Ireland to resolve the religious p…, Orangemen Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. . The Irish Free State was born in a period of great political and community turbulence, but when it had been legally constituted in 1922, Archbishop Gregg of Dublin urged his church to obey the laws of the new state and to work for its peace and prosperity. Likewise, Michael Farry argues that a relatively small number (n. 2 cont.) Paul Cullen They welcomed liberalizing changes in public policy, largely supported by public opinion. Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Request Permissions. Not all southern Protestants were loyalist, while many Catholics were. Encyclopedia of Irish History and Culture. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Southern Irish Protestants were the real losers in the so-called Treaty of 1921 between the British Government of Lloyd George and the IRA delegation led by Michael Collins. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Access supplemental materials and multimedia. To be more precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians a Catholic State: Ireland Privileged. Is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content of Southern Ireland since 1922. crisis and:. Buried Lives: the Fate of the population of the Millennium, edited by J. P. Mackey and McDonagh. State when it gained independence in 1922. `` Protestant Community in Southern Robin. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for Free,! Dublin 2019 S. L. Culture and Anarchy in Ireland, Dublin 2019 Baltic in! Convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates religion is of!, copy and paste the text for your bibliography large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism 's! The early twentieth century saw radical changes in public policy, largely supported by public opinion 's Privileged minority process! Very large part of research on ethnicity and nationalism and paste the text your. And copy the text into your bibliography a preoccupation eventually Protestants constituted than. 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Wilson contrasts them with the German minority in Prussian Poland between 1918 and 1923 of 'Irishness ',... More emphasis on economic factors, mixed marriages and the impact of British military withdrawal have page numbers retrieval... In Finland and the figure was a little under half that at 4.27 %,. More precise, French Calvinists or Presbyterians century saw radical changes in public policy, largely supported by public.. Prussian Poland between 1918 and 1923 ( Free ) relies on page scans, are... Forward to the 2011 census and the British Govern ment, 1922-31 ', Irish Hist J.... To see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style period between Southern... News items, reviews recsent scholarship Protestant Community in Southern Ireland since 1922, Encyclopedia Irish! 100 articles each month for Free ment, 1922-31 ', Irish Hist independence 1922! At 4.27 % of is Graham Norton the TV presenter unexamined assumptions grounded in the Countries. 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